Das Tyne-Wear Derby, die besondere Rivalität zwischen Newcastle und Sunderland!
Newcastle United FC (NUFC) were founded on December 9, 1892. The home ground of the club is St James Park and the current capacity of the stadium is 52,354. NUFC nicknamed as The Magpies are currently playing in the English Premier League – the top tier of English Football.
The trophy cabinet of the club is remarkable – the 9th highest in English football. Newcastle have won 4 League Championship titles, a Charity Shield and 6 FA Cups (Until summer 2019). The club was formed by merging Newcastle West End and Newcastle East End in 1892. The current owner is Mike Ashley who replaced Sir John Hall – a long term owner of the club – in 2007.
Since joining the league in 1893, the Magpies have never gone down below the second tier of English Football. The the club has spent 87 seasons in the top tier (incl. the season 2019/20). The long-standing rivalry between Newcastle and Sunderland, known as the Tyne-Wear derby, is one of the fiercest local derbies in English football.
At social level, the club has shown some serious responsibility over the years. Back in 2008, the club founded a foundation named as Newcastle United Foundation whose purpose was to spread awareness about healthy life among disadvantaged children. In an interview, Kate Bradley – the manager of the foundation – said that kids see footballers as their heroes and everything they tell, kids will listen. If Steven Taylor – Newcastle player- asks kids not to eat a Mars, they will definitely not eat it, Bradley further added. Such foundations are also run by many other English clubs like West Bromwich Albion, Aston Villa and Tottenham Hotspurs.
The current total market value of the club is £168.75m. In terms of revenue per annum, Newcastle United is the 17th biggest club in the world (as of summer 2019).
1. The first recorded game of football on Tyneside took place on 3rd March 1877 at the Elswick Rugby Club, when a few keen enthusiasts formed two scratch teams – eight against nine – the nine winning 2-0. Shortly afterwards Newcastle's first club was born, Tyne Association in 1877.
2. The most goals scored by a Newcastle player was 206 – by legend Alan Shearer (1996-2006).
3. Shearer also holds a joint record with Andy Cole, Jermain Defoe, and Dimitar Berbatov for the most goals scored in a game by an individual – they all scored 5.
4. The highest transfer fee received for a Newcastle player is £35m – from Liverpool for the England Under 21's star Andy Carroll in January 2011.
5. Jimmy Lawrence holds the record for the most appearances for the club – playing 496 times between 1904-1922.
6. Newcastle have won four League Titles – 1904-05, 1906-07, 1908-09, 1926-27.
7. Newcastle United's badge is modelled on the City coat-of-arms. The two sea-horses represents Tyneside's strong connection with the sea, while the castle links with the city's Norman keep.
8. Newcastle hold the joint record with Stockport for the biggest scoreline in English football, beating Newport County in the Second divison 13-0 on the 15th October 1946.
9. Another joint record Newcastle share is with Aston Villa – for the most draws in a season. Newcastle drew 17 games in the 2003-04 season.
10. In 1993 -94 Newcastle claimed the highest finish in the table by a promoted club when they finished 3rd in the Premier League. The only other cub to equal this was Nottingham Forest (the following season).
11. Former goalie Shay Given is the man with the most international caps to have played for the club – with 80 appearances for Republic of Ireland.
12. The Magpies hold the record for the highest finish in the league table by a newly promoted club. In 1993-94 season, Newcastle finished 3 rd in the table and later this record was matched by Nottingham Forest in the subsequent season
13. The first ever football match under floodlights was played between Newcastle and Portsmouth back in February 1956.
14. NUFC won the FA Cup 3 times in the 1950’s defeating Blackpool, Arsenal and Manchester City in the respective finals. Since its inaugural match, Newcastle United have played the highest number of matches in English football.
15. Andrew Cole and Alan Shearer of Newcastle hold the record for most goals in a 42-games Premier league season
16. In the early days of the club from 1892 to 1929, the role of the manager was handled by the secretary of the committee who was responsible for team selection as well.
The biggest victory in the history of the club was 13-0 against Newport County back in 1946. While the club suffered the heaviest defeat against Burton Wanderers with a scoreline of 9-0 back in 1895.
Alan Shearer holds the record for the most goals for the club. Jimmy Lawrence holds the record for most appearances for the club. He has 496 first team appearances to his name from 1904 to 1921. The longest run in the Premier League for the Magpies was 36 from 1898-99 to 1933-34.
The club recorded the highest attendance in a first division match against Chelsea. In that match, there were 68,386 spectators in the stadium. While in Premier League, the highest attendance for the club was 52,389 against Manchester City in May 2012.
Miguel Almirón is the most expensive signing of the club with a transfer fee of £ 21 million. Andy Carroll What the most expensive sold player in history. The club sold the striker to Liverpool for £ 35 million.
In the early 90s, the club tried to become one of the top teams in English football again. For this, they appointed former Liverpool player Kevin Keegan as manager.
The change of personnel yielded the desired results, nearly. Newcastle stormed back to the top-flight in 1993 and signed big names such as David Ginola and Alan Shearer.
Newcastle nearly managed to overthrow Manchester United in 1996 and 1997, but finished as runners-up in both seasons. They simply could not win a big title and also lost the FA Cup finals in 1998 and 1999.
As a consequence, they returned to relative obscurity again at the turn of the century.
Here are some fun facts about Newcastle United and their famous black and white shirts.
Gladstone Adams – the official photographer of Newcastle United, invented the idea of windscreen wipers.
The club is also known as The Toon, The Magpies, and The Monikers.
Rolando Aarons was the youngest player ever to play for the club at the age of 20.
At 6 feet 4, Mike Williamson was the tallest player who ever plyed for the club.
Back in 2003-04, Newcastle equaled the record of Aston Villa of playing the most draw matches in a single season. The Magpies drew 17 matches in that season.
Along with Andy Cole, Jermain Defoe and Dimitar Berbatov, the Magpies’s Alan Shearer holds the record for most goals in a single match – all of them scored five.
The first ever match at Tyneside was played in 3 March, 1877.
We have put together 10 fun facts about Toon kits down the decades.
In 1892, newly-formed Newcastle United had no ambition to wear black and white, instead they wore red and white.
The famous black and white stripes only arrived two two years later.
The Toon wore dark blue shorts for more than 20 years – between 1897 and 1920.
The infamous ‘barcode’ shirt managed to stay for 4 years, it was worn from 1990 and 1993.
The first club to wear numbers on their shirts was Arsenal London (1928-29 season). Newcastle United followed more than 10 years late and wore numbers for the first time away at Millwall at the start of the 1939-40 season.
The first Newcastle player to wear the number 12 shirt during a match was the club’s first ever substitute. His name was Ollie Burton, it was on September 4, 1965.
A study by football historians at Sheffield University revealed that Newcastle United fans were were the first to wear replica shirts at football matches. This was during the 1973-74 season.
For an FA Cup tie at Roker Park in 1951, neighbours Sunderland wore black and white shirts borrowed from Newcastle United when they hosted Southampton. Sunderland did win.
The first ever sponsorship logo – the Blue Star – appeared on the shirts in the 1980-81 season.
The original Newcastle shirt numbers were red – often on a white square background. This was kept until the end of the 1992-93 season.
Details are provided on the age of players, games played, minutes played, goals conceded, games with no goal conceded, Substitutions yellow cards, red cards, yellow-red cards.